Game developer Jane McGonigal joined Brown Institute Stanford Director Maneesh Agrawala on May 23 for a conversation about critical topics in game theory and culture entitled “This is Not a Game.” The two discussed how new forms of media - online gaming and augmented realities – influence our personal wellness, political views and collective behaviors. The discussion capped a day-long symposium during which McGonigal joined UC Berkley Professor Greg Niemeyer (visiting this year at Brown) and Antero Garcia for a discussion of talks in conjunction with the release of a new book: Alternate Reality Games and the Cusp of Digital Gamplay.
On May 26 and 27, members of the Brown Institute traveled to Panama City, Panama, for the launch of El Tabulario, a new platform promoting data transparency in the country. Journalists from the area, as well as representatives of the government's transparency initiative, attended the launch. The two-day event was a mini design sprint, taking participants through the data aggregated and disseminated in El Tabulario. We emphasized a journalistic approach, starting with the journalists own knowledge of the goverment and its ministries.
The response was, frankly, incredible. In many cases, the journalists were shocked that the data they had long wanted for stories were actually available. Ana Méndez told the Knight Journalism in the Americas Blog "The most important thing is that people feel empowered to make informed decisions and that is only done with real and transparent access to the information that belongs to them." You can read the full interview on the Knight Center site. A report has also appeared about the launch in La Prensa, the leading daily in the country.
By Miles Campbell, Brown Institute Fellow
On June 7th, the Brown Institute hosted the New York meeting of the Credibility Schema Working Group. The Credibility Schema Working Group is a body of data scientists, researchers, journalists and other professionals who are dedicated to addressing the growing problem of misinformation in the media. Through combining diverse perspectives on the issue, the members of the Working Group plan to develop a set of indicators of misinformation in a news article. More specifically, by organizing these indicators into a technical schema, the Group aims to create a system that is capable of assessing the credibility of news articles and sources.
Throughout the day, various individuals presented their work in combating this issue of misinformation. From researchers who have developed software that can detect levels of bias, to businesses that have created tools to annotate misleading articles, to news websites that aim to source their content ethically, the multitude of ideas that were exchanged showcased the vast efforts that are currently being undertaken to fight the spread of misinformation.
Later in the day, members of the group engaged in a brainstorming session to identify characteristics of news articles that contain misinformation. While tackling the issue of misinformation is certainly a daunting task, the Working Group was able to develop a set of indicators that prove promising for further efforts to develop the technical schema needed to combat misinformation in the media. This workshop demonstrated the power –and the necessity– of collaboration between many different disciplines in tackling an increasingly complex and important issue.
In 2015, the Brown Institute funded the Nueva Nación team in Panama to create the country's first truly accessible public data platform, El Tabulario, and now they're finally ready to launch. On May 26th and 27th, we'll be hosting journalists, computer scientists, and students in Panama City to pore over the team's compiled data and explore new story ideas with the country's untapped statistics.
The Nueva Nación team is particularly excited about exploring student-teacher ratio data for public schools, never-before seen historical government payroll data, government spending and budgeting numbers, the country's debt numbers, and private and public credit consumption data.
The Stanford Daily highlighted the latest round of Magic Grant recipients in a front-page article on Tuesday.
Their article described the 11 projects that Brown has chosen to fund this year, and the unique space these projects inhabit at the interesection of media and technology.
This year the grant projects will push the boundaries of video, data availability and gameplay, among other topical and timely issues.
Read more about the Daily's coverage of this year's class of Magic Grant recipients here.
The Brown Institute for Media Innovation and Enigma, a data start-up known for its civic-minded projects, named Rashida Kamal as the 2017 Data Journalism Fellow. The fellowship gives recipients the choice of covering healthcare or issues surrounding financial sanctions as a tool to inform foreign policy, anti-terror and anti-organized crime efforts.
Contemporary reporting is a melding of traditional journalistic practices and new data technologies. The Brown Institute’s work sits squarely at this intersection by providing innovative programs, fellowships and grants that are changing the media landscape.
Ms. Kamal will focus on questioning the vast collection of data offered by Enigma, which has one of the broadest repositories of clean and standardized public data available. She will also explore how decisions in data collection and organization affect the types of stories that can be derived from the data. Brown’s Data Journalism Fellowship is akin to a “Journalist in Residence” program at one of the most innovative start-ups in the country.
Ms. Kamal, a first-year student, is pursuing a dual degree in Computer Science and M.S. in journalism from the Columbia Journalism School. She was previously enrolled in the school’s LEDE program, a post-degree certification on computational skill building offered by the Journalism School and the university’s Computer Science department.
“I’m excited to work with a team that values making data accessible to all and to have the chance to use data to tell stories,” said Rashida Kamal, who has an undergraduate degree in Linguistics from NYU and hails from Allentown, Pennsylvania.
“At Enigma we are committed to helping people understand and improve the world around them,” said Marc DaCosta, Chairman of Enigma. “Narrative-driven, critical approaches to data are an important part of this mission and we are excited that Rashida will be helping us to pursue it this summer.”
“The Brown Institute is thrilled to be partnering with Enigma for a second year. Our journalism students are hungry to tell stories in new ways and this fellowship is a unique opportunity to explore how their journalism depends on and can actively shape basic database design and operations,” said Mark Hansen, Director of the Brown Institute at Columbia. “Enigma has been a joy to work with.”
The Brown Institute for Media Innovation, a collaboration between Columbia Journalism School and Stanford University’s School of Engineering, has awarded its 2017-18 Magic Grants to 11 teams of innovators todevelop technologies that could transform the media landscape. Grant recipients receive awards of up to $150,000 for projects lasting up to a year.
Founded in 2012 through a gift from longtime Cosmopolitan magazine editor and author Helen Gurley Brown, the Brown Institute is celebrating its fifth year of Magic Grants. With the support of the Institute, this year’s winners will build data sharing networks to connect journalists around the globe; develop in-camera video feedback tools to help news teams capture high-quality footage efficiently; explore new ways to critique the data, code and algorithms that shape our world; and enable the routine exploration of vast archives of video.
This is a varied group, selected based on their potential for innovation in both stories and platforms. This year the Institute’s projects are also supported through partnerships with PBS FRONTLINE, the NYC Media Lab, ProPublica and the BBC.
David and Helen Gurley Brown believed that magic happens when innovative technology is combined with great content and talented people are given the opportunity to explore and create new ways to inform and entertain. The Brown Institute annually awards fellowships, grants and scholarships, and designs public events and novel educational experiences in digital storytelling.
The following is a complete list of Magic Grants funded by the Brown Institute for 2017-18:
DataShare. Investigators around the world are all facing the same problem: each holds a wealth of information, but the sensitive documents and data are entirely locked behind their organization's firewall. There are hundreds of stories and investigations that could be done, if only these data collections were interoperable. DataShare allows for valuable knowledge about people and companies to be "sieved" into indexes and shared securely within a network of trusted individuals, fostering unforeseen collaboration and prompting new and better investigations that uncover corruption, transnational crime and abuse of power. The DataShare team consists of Mar Cabra, a fellow at Columbia Journalism School in 2009-10, and Julien Martin, both from the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists. It will be funded by the Brown Institute and supported by PBS’ investigative series FRONTLINE.
Visual Beat. Today’s journalists are tasked with informing a public that is used to being entertained. News has to compete with the rest of the Internet, where good reporting often drowns in a sea of cat videos and click-bait. In this challenging landscape, news organizations have to adapt new strategies to keep readers, viewers, and listeners engaged. One strategy that has seen tremendous success in late-night television has been to embrace the dual role of journalist and entertainer, often by blending news with comedy. While effective at keeping audiences engaged, this strategy is difficult to scale — comedy, it turns out, is hard. Visual Beat will build tools that take audio/visual content curated by journalists, and transform it into alignment with music to create a song-and-dance like presentation. This editing device could be a powerful way to engage viewers and draw them to a story, without asking journalists to change the way they choose content. The Visual Beat team is led by Abe Davis and Sean Liu from Stanford Computer Science.
Campaign is a strategy game that takes place in an imagined nation whose leaders are up for reelection. You are a campaign manager who must persuade the fictional characters in the game to vote for your candidate. You learn about the characters by accessing their personal information, including their employment status, age and hometown. You can learn more by solving logic puzzles, or by "convincing" the characters to share data in exchange for a reward. With enough information, you even unlock a Cambridge Analytica-style psychological "archetype" for a character. Campaign is a game about politics, privacy, data sharing and micro-targeting. The project is led by Laurent Bastien Corbeil, Rashida Kamal, Kevin Fei Sun and Eileen Townsend, all members of the class of 2017 or 2018 at the Columbia Journalism School. It will be funded by the Brown Institute and supported, in part, by ProPublica.
Camera Observa. In the modern, fast-paced news environment where video is in high demand, it is essential to capture high-quality video quickly and easily. Even for professional news teams, consistently producing high-quality footage is a major challenge. Yet it is essential to get a satisfactory first capture due to the ephemeral nature of news. Camera Observa proposes using a 360° camera technology to capture the context of the scene (such as lighting) to help reduce the many burdens of capturing video. Led by Jane E and Ohad Fried at Stanford Computer Science, the Camera Observa platform will provide in-camera feedback on quality of lighting in a video frame and suggest orientations of the subject to achieve various image styles; capture important interactions happening off-camera; and record additional B-roll.
Dark Inquiry. In an era of "filter bubbles" and social media-driven echo-chambers, the traditional critical essay may no longer be well-suited to the message. In response, the founders of The New Inquiry propose Dark Inquiry, a series of "critical software projects" (a game, an app, a bot, an API or some other creative use of technology) that produce critique through experience and interaction rather than written language. Their first experiment with this idea is the recent “White Collar Crime Zones,” a reappropriation of a predictive policing algorithm that usually targets street crime, refocused on white collar crime. The Dark Inquiry team consists of Sam Lavigne, Rachel Rosenfelt, and Francis Tseng, founder and editors at The New Inquiry.
Esper. With the advent of cheap consumer photography and the rise of ubiquitous imaging devices like street cameras and drones, large video collections are of increasing interest and availability to journalists and academics. Video streaming websites like YouTube and LiveLeak present rich datasets covering both high activity events (protests, conflict zones) as well as more mundane affairs (traffic, C-SPAN). For example, with video streams of a protest, a journalist might ask: how many people attended the protest? When did someone start speaking? What are all the messages seen on the protest signs? Just as existing tools like LexisNexis enable researchers to organize, index, and search large corpora of text, journalists need the same kind of tool to explore video data. Esper is a system that facilitates exploration of large video collections by enabling researchers to easily organize and annotate their videos at scale. Esper is led by Will Crichton at Stanford Computer Science.
Measure for Measure. The Public Theater and renowned theater ensemble Elevator Repair Service propose to experiment with one of Shakespeare’s most notoriously ambiguous “problem plays”: Measure for Measure. Interactive technologies and old media forms collide to create a new media dramaturgy for a contemporary Shakespeare audience. A custom teleprompter system will allow the ensemble of twelve actors to wildly modulate time and delivery. Radical experiments with speed set the play’s combination of the comically absurd and the tragically serious in stark relief, and deliver a remarkable new show that marries the company’s unique performance style with the Bard’s exquisitely lyrical language.
VillageLIVE is an augmented reality walking tour of New York. Users can walk through the city to selected areas and use their phones as a window to peer into the city’s queer past. VillageLIVE is built around a video archive filmed by Nelson Sullivan. In the 1980s, Nelson became fascinated with video, which was entering consumers’ hands with the advent of handheld camcorders. He is considered the first vlogger; he turned the camera on himself and assiduously documented his life in the queer downtown scene of New York, featuring a cast of queer characters including Rupaul, Keith Haring, Lady Bunny, and more. The VillageLIVE project highlights a selection of these videos that tell stories of gentrification, of public safety for the queer public, and the revolutionary roots of NYC's queer community. The VillageLIVE team consists of Shir David, Jordan Frand and Anne Goodfriend, recent graduates of the Interactive Telecommunications Program at NYU, and the project is funded through a joint effort of the Brown Institute and the NYC Media Lab.
Measuring Public Perception of Stories in the News. News is no longer made through self-contained works of reporting, but instead often emerges as an ongoing dialog between facts, readers, and multiple media sources. For every news story published, thousands of people will react via comments or social media, and it will often be re-reported by other media outlets (from small blogs to major newspapers). These reactions in turn impact the perceptions of future readers: How do people feel about a story? Do they generally accept its facts, or dismiss them? How is the story shaping public opinion? To understand the true impact of a story, journalists must understand the substance of the discussion it inspires. The goal of this project is to create tools that allow journalists to measure these reactions at scale. The Measuring Public Perception team consists of Ethan Fast and Binbin Chen from Stanford Computer Science.
Beyond the Bullets. News reports of firearm violence focus on access to guns, gang activity, poverty, and racial segregation. A careful reading of the conversations on social media among youth living in marginalized communities with high rates of violence, however, can provide an alternate yet in-depth narrative of how and why violence occurs. Beyond the Bullets proposes a hybrid approach to addressing gun violence, mixing automated, machine learning analyses of the networks implicit in social media posts, with community-level expertise and social work knowledge of community development. Beyond the Bullets is led by Desmond Upton Patton from Columbia’s School of Social Work and Kathleen McKeown from the Computer Science Department.
Data Interrupted. The 1994 Rwandan genocide left millions dead or displaced, and a society in ruins. There is one consequence of the genocide that has gone unreported: the near-total collapse of Rwanda’s ability to gather data, including that related to the weather. Data, Interrupted is a story about a country’s struggles to replace a generation of missing data and to try to understand and manage climate uncertainty. It’s also a story about the climate-data divide that exists in the world, and the implications this has on vulnerability, sustainable development and adaptation. The project is led by Francesco Fiondella and Catherine Vaughan, with the International Research Institute for Climate and Society, and Amir Imani, a student in the Data Science Institute at Columbia University.
On Friday May 5 and Saturday May 6, the Brown Institute will host its final Transparency Series events -- this time we're presenting data visualization!
Join Manuel Lima on May 5th at 5pm for a fascinating tour through millennia of circular information design in architecture, urban planning, fine art, design, fashion, technology, religion, cartography, biology, astronomy and physics in a visual feast for infographics enthusiasts. From Venn diagrams and early celestial charts to the trefoil biohazard symbol and Target’s corporate logo, Lima provides a history of humanity's long-lasting obsession with all things circular and a unique taxonomy of the many varieties of circle diagrams.
In addition to the presentation, Lima will be selling and signing his latest work, 'Book of Circles'. Registration is not required to attend the event.
Bio for Manuel Lima: A Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and nominated by Creativity magazine as "one of the 50 most creative and influential minds of 2009," Manuel Lima is the founder of VisualComplexity.com, Design Lead at Google, and a regular teacher of data visualization at Parsons School of Design.
Manuel is a leading voice on information visualization and has spoken at numerous conferences, universities, and festivals around the world, including TED, Lift, OFFF, Eyeo, Ars Electronica, IxDA Interaction, Harvard, MIT, the Royal College of Art, NYU Tisch School of the Arts, ENSAD Paris, the University of Amsterdam, and MediaLab-Prado Madrid. He has also been featured in various magazines and newspapers, such as Wired, the New York Times, Science, Nature, Businessweek, Creative Review, Fast Company, Forbes, Grafik, SEED, étapes, and El País.
Then on Saturday May 6th from 10am-5pm Mona Chalabi of The Guardian and Kenan Davis from the New York Times will lead a hands-on workshop on data visualization (registration is closed). Graphical (or pictorial) presentations of data have become an almost essential part of journalistic practice. Data visualization helps us see patterns in data, and is an important tool for finding stories. Also, outlets like The New York Times and The Guardian are publishing data visualizations that push the idea of story telling, creating new data-driven ways to inform and entertain. In this day-long workshop, Chalabi and Davis will review some basic data visualization skills--guiding you through the design process. You will add annotation layers and learn to exploit what's unique about data. During the day, we will also help you think critically about visualizations, making you a better consumer of data graphics.
Bio for Mona Chalabi: Mona Chalabi is a data journalist. She is the Data Editor of The Guardian US and a columnist at New York Magazine. As well as co-producing a four-part documentary series about vaginas, Mona has written for TV shows on National Geographic, the BBC and VICE. In 2016, Mona’s data sketches were commended by the Royal Statistical Society. The drawings, which are designed to make numbers more relatable, can be viewed on her Instagram account. Before getting into journalism, Mona worked in the nonprofit sector, first at the Bank of England, then Transparency International and the International Organization for Migration.
Bio for Kenan Davis: Kenan Davis is an Assistant Graphics Editor at the New York Times. Previously, he was the head of interactive for the Guardian US. And before that, he was the coordinator of the Digital Media program at the Columbia Journalism School, where he taught multimedia storytelling and web design.
Paul “DJ Spooky” Miller mashed up media and music in a free-flowing performance/talk at Stanford April 13. Miller explored the intersection of hip hop and high tech, arguing that new forms of storytelling can emerge in our high-tech age when we remix and redefine content and contexts.
Listen to the talk here.
Brown@Stanford welcomes Paul D. Miller, aka DJ Spooky, for a week-long residence, starting April 10. Together with Stanford Vice Provost for Teaching & Learning, the Stanford Institute for Diversity in the Arts, and the Stanford Center for Computer Research and Accoustics, we will be hosting several events during his visit, including:
THE PIONEERS OF AFRICAN AMERICAN CINEMA (SCREENING): April 10, 6 PM, Oshman Hall
With Clayborne Carson, Jennifer DeVere Brody, Allyson Hobbs, Adam Banks and Jonathan Calm.
Join DJ Spooky and Stanford's nationally renowned Black scholars as they discuss the rise of African-American film in the 20th century. Scenes from newly restored films by Oscar Micheaux, Frank Peregrini, and others will be shown.
CINEMATIC INCLUSION: WHAT MEDIA HISTORY TELLS US ABOUT INNOVATION (COLLOQUIUM): April 11, 6 PM, Oshman Hall
With Jeff Chang
Come hear the influential Afrofuturist artist, musician and theorist Paul D. Miller explore the past, present, and future of Black cultural performance in conversation with Jeff Chang.
MASH UP MEDIA (LECTURE): April 13, 4:30 PM, Oshman Hall
In this free-flowing intellectual talk and performance, Paul "DJ Spooky" Miller explores the edge of the possible - from Hip Hop to High Tech - making the case that creativity in our hyper-technological age comes from remixing and redefining context.
In addition to these public events, Stanford students can enroll in CS 82: Social Impacts of Media Innovation, to earn one credit in this course limited-engagement course on music and media innovaton.